Quadriplegic & Paraplegic Servo Driving Controls | Adaptive Mobility Equipment | Handicapped Wheelchair Driver | Electronic Driving Systems | Driving Aids |

Automotive Innovations MA, RI, CT, VT, NH, ME


 
 

1000 Main St Bridgewater, MA 02324

508-697-6006

Quadriplegic and Paraplegic Driving Equipment



Automotive Innovations Bridgewater, Massachusetts builds Advanced Driving Controls, or "High-Tech Driving Systems", creating options for wheelchair drivers with higher levels of disability. Our driving controls are truly a custom mobility solution for todays quadriplegic driver. As a result, the key components of these systems are combined, fitted and installed based on an extremely thorough process developed over more than 20 years of evaluation, prescription and fine-tuning experience.


Automotive Innovations has designed and manufactured quadriplegic assistive driving controls and adaptive mobility devices for individuals with disabilities with more severe higher levels of injury that require more sophisticated types of assistive technology to enable them to drive safely.


Our mobility driving controls and technologies have been accepted by the Federal Veterans Administration Agency for sale and distribution throughout the United States for more than 20 years.


We are a leading manufacturer and installer of adaptive driving systems in the New England Area. We build electro-mechanical driving systems that gives people with disabilities an opportunity to drive.

We believe independence is an important part of life, which is why we strive to build the best Adaptive Mobility Equipment products on the market.


Our quad servo driving systems can be installed into almost any vehicle. We can install our systems into anything from a Lamborghini to a Ford. We always tailor our driving system to meet the Independent needs of the individual. Each of our vans is designed for a specific individual and there mobility equipment needs.


All secondary controls (i.e.. heating, AC, windows) are on touch pads or toggle switch consoles that are within inches of your hands so they are easily accessible. The steering can be a zero effort, reduced-effort or servo steering system. This allows our customers the ability to make turns with very little effort. The Gas and Brake system is also a hand-controlled function, which is built custom for each customer's unique needs.


We have a long history of providing adaptive vehicle mobility solutions and modifications for quadriplegic drivers.


Automotive Innovations manufactures a variety of primary driving control options designed to operate the gas, brake and steering controls of a motor vehicle. In years past, we developed a number of independent driving systems such as the popular Electronic Gas Brake, Servo Steering, and Joystick steering.


Our  primary servo driving control system provides low-effort control and mobility solutions for your specific requirements to operate the factory gas, brake, and steering controls. A variety of unique interfaces to the control system are available and can be mounted nearly anywhere in the driver's area of the vehicle. These "input devices," as they are called, have the look and feel of factory driving controls, but are designed specifically for the purpose of maximizing your abilities.

Automotive Innovations Bridgewater, MA servo steering and servo gas brake utilizes a sophisticated design to convert your limited mechanical input into the ability to manipulate the factory gas and brake pedals and or the factory steering column.

Whether you require just gas and brakes, or just steering, or gas, brakes, and steering, Automotive Innovations Bridgewater, MA has adaptive mobility equipment solutions for you!


Reduced Effort Modifications


We build reduced effort steering systems. All the modifications that are done in Bridgewater, MA are used in conjunction with hand controls and other accessible adaptations to reduce the physical strength required to perform the operations of braking and steering. Our reduced effort braking and reduced effort steering are modification packages that make the steering wheel or brake pedal easier to turn or push. The level of assistance or "reduced-effort" is adjusted to the level prescribed by the driver rehabilitation specialist, based on the strength of the driver.


Reduced Effort Steering


Reduced Effort Steering modification to steering boxes and steering racks are available for all American vans and most cars with factory power steering. Automotive Innovations will modify your steering to low or no effort. Standard factory power steering requires approximately 40 ounces of effort to operate. Automotive Innovations Bridgewater, MA steering modifications can reduce the required effort to 20-24 ounces (low effort) or 6-8 ounces (no effort). (These statistics will vary depending on model of car and tire size)


Our reduced effort steering modification reduces the amount of effort it takes to move a steering wheel. There is low effort to no effort available depending on the model of car and tire size.


Low effort and no effort braking modifications significantly reduces the required pressure needed to press down on a pedal to brake.


Backup Steering Systems


Emergency power assisted steering if factory power steering system fails. Test circuits are provided which enable customers to check system prior to driving. Audio and visual alarms alert driver to factory power steering failure--backup system instantaneously activates. Does not require low or no effort steering modification. All Automotive Innovations backup steering systems have come with a fluid cooler for the past 20 years to reduce the temperature of the fluid in the system extending it's life significantly.


Custom Steering Column Extensions


We build a full line of custom steering systems, columns, and extensions. Our columns can accommodate any driver's need.


Foot Steering Systems


For those customers without arms or the use of them, the foot steering system is usually combined with sensitized steering and adaptations for other dash controls. Automotive Innovations understands that most items concerning foot controlled steering need to be customized and built to and individuals specific needs.

Automotive Innovations Bridgewater, MA can install your custom foot steering system. Call us today 508-697-6006 and speak with one of our mobility experts. In a short time Automotive Innovations will install your custom foot steering system. We recommend mid- to full-sized American cars and some minivans for this modification.


Servo Hand Controls


Gas Brake Hand Controls in the advanced driving aid category are of course more advanced and are typically for individuals with very limited mobility and strength for operating a vehicle. A slight touch of various adaptive devices allow the car to accelerate and brake with ease.

Electric Gas and Brakes are operated from an electric servo in the form of a joystick, Tri-Pin or lever input device. Individuals can then use their hands to control their speed and to brake.


Servo Steering Controls


Servo steering allows the steering control to be located almost anywhere to assist the operator and can be fitted with a miniature or small steering wheel.


Horizontal Steering Systems


Horizontal Steering System accommodates a limited range of motion when the driver cannot use a conventional steering wheel.


Our horizontal steering system is customized to meet the needs of those with high-level spinal cord injuries and all others who experience limited arm strength and range of motion. It is usually used in conjunction with our servo hand controls.


Secondary Controls


Secondary Driving Controls


Secondary driving controls are designed to operate vehicle functions other than gas, brakes, and steering. We offer a variety of options for many different vehicle applications. Our controls can be installed as a complete console system to complement your primary driving controls or they can be installed individually.


Electronic Gear Selection


Electronic Gear Selection allows the operator to push a button for a gear selection.


Voice Scan installed by Automotive Innovations Bridgewater, MA uses one to two targets or buttons to operate a multitude of functions within the vehicle while utilizing a verbal audible menu. Crescent Industries provides us with advanced remote accessory controls including single touch and voice scan. The products are reliable and easily serviced, including a warranty that commits to customer satisfaction



Safe, Simple and Rugged. OEM Steering Wheel may remain in all vehicles, if placement of the servo steering wheel permits. Automotive Innovations Bridgewater, MA Backup Power Steering System allows the user to steer if the engine shuts off, and is automatic. Customized orthotic adaptations and adjustable force and feedback are available to suit each application. Reduced-effort or Zero-effort force used to steer.


EGS Electric Gear Shifter Directly attaches to the OEM shifter hardware. Utilizes the OEM transmission control display on the vehicle's dash. Activated through several switching options.


Electronic Park Brake


Electric parking brake system offers enough torque to stop your vehicle when parking in steep areas or in an emergency situation. Activated through several switching options and can be located in any area that is most accessible to the user's range of motion.


If you are in need of a new or used handicap or wheelchair van in Londonderry, NH we will take your new or old Ride Away van in trade. Call 508-697-6006 Automotive Innovations Bridgewater, MA


We are committed to coming up with new and innovative mobility solutions to meet your adaptive mobility equipment needs in the New England Area!


Automotive Innovations is a premier manufacturer of automotive mobility equipment in Bridgewater, MA.


Our electronic mobility controls have been enabling consumers in the New England Area with the ability to have a safe and independent driving system for more than 20 years


Call 508-697-6006 for any of your adaptive driving control needs.


We build quality long lasting electric mobility driving controls, our servo steering, electronic gas and brake devices and other adaptive mobility equipment have been exceeding the expectations of consumers in the New England area for more than two decades.


Our hand control installations are second to none.


We have had a fully equipped machine shop with equipment like lathes, milling machines, press brakes and iron workers.

We don't just mount hand controls with hose clamps like the other guys, we fabricate custom brackets for each application and take the time necessary for a quality installation that will out last the vehicle.


We offer a lifetime guaranty on our installation. If you ever feel there is something wrong with your hand controls (even if we didn't install them) please come in for a free inspection by a certified mobility craftsman.


We have more money invested in one piece of shop equipment than most shops have in all there tools combined.


We have individual craftsman with more experience than all the technicians combined at other local mobility dealers, with a better equipped shop and a higher attention to detail I doubt you could get a higher quality installation anywhere in the New England area.


Do you want a installation from someone who just completed a two hr online course on hand control installation or a master craftsman with 25 years of experience?


If you looking to have mobility equipment expertly installed by master craftsman call 508-697-6006 Automotive Innovations Bridgewater, MA


We can install your used hand controls, used Ez Lock or used mobility equipment


We will alter your automobile to suit your hand control mobility needs, Automotive Innovations will help you find the perfect hand controls or mobility equipment for your vehicle and install it expertly for you.


sales@ai1.com

New England Servo Driving controls

Automotive Innovations Bridgewater, MA is your preferred mobility equipment dealer for the sale and installation of new hand controls in your automobile. We offer a large variety of hand controls for your automobile which come with a lifetime warranty on the installation of new hand controls.



Call Automotive Innovations for suggestions on new hand controls


Hand controls for independence in style


With Automotive Innovations and Driving Aids Development Corporation (DADC), we help people with disabilities make the move from apprehension to independence with reliable, attractive and affordable hand controls.


Since 1982, when founder William Perry built a better hand control for his injured son Roger, DADC has designed, built and installed our patented vacuum assisted twist grip hand control for drivers worldwide. Today DADC President Lee Perry, William’s son, continues to honor the philosophy of its founder with superior engineering, quality materials, streamline installs and safe and easy operation at an affordable price.


Hand controls. Most of them are out there to get you from point A to point B. At DADC, we believe they should do a bit more. We believe that the hand controls you choose should set you up to safely enjoy every ounce of your driving experience.


With a DADC hand control installed by Automotive Innovations Bridgewater, MA, our clients achieve independence as well as:

Prevent shoulder and elbow pain and eliminate fatigue

Precise, fingertip control

Achieve greater upper body stability

Improve throttle control especially in tight turns or on bumpy roads

Little or no cutting to the dashboard

A cockpit free of clutter for unencumbered access

Eliminate squeaks and grease stains on clothes

An option for drivers considering expensive electronic controls


Whether you are living with loss of limb or lack of feeling, strength or stability, or you are just ready for a better driving experience, we will install a DADC hand control that puts you back on the road in safety, comfort and style.


Reclaim your right to independence on the road today with us and DADC controls.



Hand controls that are reliable, attractive and affordable


At Automotive Innovations and DADC, our philosophy is simple: deliver the best driving experience possible. Our hand controls are designed to become one with your car, so you are not driving a hand control you are driving your car.

Quality Materials and Reduced Maintenance


We use quality materials, including durable stainless steel for an attractive finished product. We use self-lubricating components to eliminate maintenance, squeaks and grease stains on clothes.

Less Fatigue, Less Discomfort


Holding DADC hand control expertly installed in your hand feels light and natural, which is why our clients prefer it. Our ergonomic design is an extension of the body’s natural responses to reduce fatigue, especially on long distance drives or in stop and go traffic.

Road Tested to Racing Standards


DADC founder’s son, Roger, is a racer, so when it came to design, it was important for William to build a hand control that delivered on the racetrack not only the road. The patented vacuum assist provides better throttle control, especially in tight turns or on bumpy roads.

Protect your Automotive Investment, Share with Pedal Pushing Drivers


DADC hand controls fit a wide range of vehicles with little or no cutting to the dashboard. The cable operated throttle control means a cockpit free of clutter and unencumbered access for you and your pedal pushing family and friends.

Custom Installs


When it comes to their car, our clients are passionate; they want the independence a quality hand control provides combined with the beauty of their investment. At Automotive Innovations, we often perform custom installs on special cars everything from ATVs to Maseratis, Audis, Mercedes, BMWs and Infinitis.


DADC 500 Twist

Vacuum assisted, motorcycle styled twist handle for throttle and push for brakes.

¥Precise fingertip operation

¥Reduced range of motion required to operate

¥Eliminates discomfort and fatigue



DADC 500 Push Pull

Vaccume assisted, traditional push-pull handle, pull for gas, push for brake.

¥Reduced range of motion required to operate

¥An options for drivers considering expensive electronic controls



DADC 500 Manual Push Pull

Traditional push-pull handle, pull for gas, push for brake.

¥Quick, light action and smooth response



DADC 500 Manual Push Rock

Rock back for gas and push for brake.

¥Avoid confusion between brake and acceleration



DADC Brake Only

Traditional push-pull handle, push for brake.

¥Access to brake without moving the foot



DADC Turn Signal Adapter

Operate the Turn Signal control from the right side of the wheel

¥Lightweight Aluminium

¥Mounts to turn signal wand

¥Left and right mounting option



DADC Key Tee

Developed for people with Rheumatiod Arthritis. Fits in tight spaces and gives hurting hands leverage on the key.

¥Fits most any key

¥Effortless key-turn, reduced hand strain

¥Improves leverage

¥Reduces Pain


DADC Game Wheel

Enjoy the action of online simulated driving and racing.

¥Operate gas and brake from the hand control instead of the joystick

¥Share your game wheel with pedal pushing family and friends


Tailor to your Taste

At Automotive Innovations using DADC products, we can also tailor your selected hand control with a mix of unique metals, woods and embellishments, as well as mounting styles, to compliment your car's interior and suite your taste.



MPD Hand Controls -  Their easy-to-use hand controls make driving simple. Their controls look as good as they perform, with finished surfaces and sleek lines to complement your ... This handle will also accept horn and dimmer switches




Mobility Product & Design (MPD) ... Hand Control Attachments · Pull Twist Hand Control · Push Pull Hand Control · Push ... Automotive Innovations Bridgewater, MA offer you driving control products that are safe and that allow you to have piece of mind our dedication to building strong, long lasting products as well as relationships with their clients makes us your preferred mobility dealer



Advances in technology have allowed for many new driving controls to become available, which is giving independence back to many people with disabilities that want to drive. If you’re ready to get back behind the wheel, there are many handicap vans or conversion kits that will get you back on the road safely. Your Automotive Innovations Mobility Consultant can help educate you on all of the handicap vans and mobility products that are available, and help you chose a Driver Rehabilitation Specialist that will be able to determine exactly what mobility equipment you will need.


There are several types of driving controls that will work with each individuals needs, making driving safe for all drivers. Finding your ideal driving controls may take some time, but the experts at Automotive Innovations Bridgewater, MA are ready to help. With over 25 years of experience assisting individuals with disabilities get the handicap van or mobility equipment they need, they’re ready to get you back on the road quickly, and as safe as possible. Whatever your mobility needs are, it’s easy to regain the freedom you deserve. Check out our line of driving control options from some of the best suppliers in the vehicle modification industry:


Automotive Innovations Bridgewater, MA strives to remain at the forefront of the vehicle modification industry, and they rely on vendors such as Mobility Products & Design (MPD) to design new and superior mobility products - such as hand controls and steering controls - for them to deliver to their customers.


For over 50 years, MPD has been refining and designing customized, ergonomic driving controls that give Automotive Innovations customers the freedom of being able to go where they want to go. Their driving controls are designed and built to be reliable so that you can count on getting years of dependable performance from these products. To learn more about these products call our Mobility Consultant's at 508-697-6006



Automotive Innovations offer you driving control products that are safe and that allow you to have piece of mind every time you are on the road. All of their products are designed and manufactured with safety and quality in mind.


Automotive Innovations stands behind each of their mobility products with an extensive warranty policy. Our dedication to building strong, long lasting products as well as relationships with their clients makes Automotive Innovations a company that you can be proud to work with.



How Do I Know Which Massachusetts paraplegic or quadriplegic hand controls, Left foot gas pedals and Mobility Driver Equipment are Right for Me?

Automotive Innovations Bridgewater, MA gives you a number of tools that will help you find the perfect accessible hand controls or left foot gas pedals for anyone in the New England area. We need your help to make us the top seller of hand control vans in the New England area, we can provide handcontrol wheelchair van safety information as well as additional information about the condition, mileage and extra features of our products.

All you have to do is think about your ideal hand control van, make a list of features, and look through the Automotive Innovations listings of hand control or left foot gas pedal wheelchair vans in Massachusetts for sale to find the one that fits your requirements.

Did you know that technological advancements might now allow you to drive, even if you need to drive from a wheelchair with hand controls? If you are interested in this technology, or any other specialized features, you can contact us about hand control or left foot gas pedal vans in Massachusetts on our mobility van sales site and ask what we have to offer.

Automotive Innovations Bridgewater Massachusetts's sells and or services brand new, hand control wheelchair vans, manufactured by the top companies including VMI and Braun, to used hand control custom vans that have been altered to suit your hand control mobility needs, Automotive Innovations will help you find the hand controls or wheelchair van that is right for you, whatever it may be and for sale locally in Massachusetts.


Finance Hand Controls, Left foot gas pedals and Mobility Driving Equipment In Massachusetts

Automotive Innovations hand control or Left foot gas pedal wheelchair vans in South Eastern Massachusetts are the latest invention to allow the disabled easier and quicker mobility. However, due to the high costs of conversion van hand control or left foot gas pedal and disabled van hand controls or left foot gas pedal, it is not possible for everyone to own one.

Wheelchair hand control equipped vans in Massachusetts are otherwise accessible vans that assist physically impaired people to move from one place to the other unaccompanied. If you do not have the cash on hand to pay for one, you can get wheelchair van finance in Massachusetts. You have two options- look for organizations that finance handicap vans in Massachusetts or search for organizations and foundations that offer grants for the disabled.

Wheelchair vans with hand controls or left foot gas pedals in South Eastern Massachusetts in between Boston, Plymouth and Cape Cod are very convenient for the buying and installation of the handicapped hand control whether it is for your parents, you or any of your loved ones. Though you might not find it an appealing solution, you can approach funding companies, finance traders, banks and private lenders to finance your personal or commercial hand controls in Massachusetts.


Purchasing Massachusetts Hand Controls, Left foot gas pedals and Mobility Driving Equipment in the New England Area

There are many wheelchair vans in Massachusetts on the market today. If you are looking to buy new handicap van hand controls, left foot gas pedals and mobility driving equipment in Massachusetts, you will want to carefully make your choice. Automotive Innovations will make it possible for you to make a purchase that you will be proud of and have handicap van hand controls, left foot gas pedals and mobility driving equipment installed in a wheelchair van that meets all of your individual needs.

It is a good idea to carefully shop around when looking for your next handicap minivan in Massachusetts. This is because these types of vehicles are especially expensive. You do not want to waste your money on a poor quality wheelchair vans for sale in Massachusetts and you do not want to overpay. You can look both online and offline when comparing prices for your new wheelchair vans in Massachusetts.

Make sure that you ask a lot of questions before making your purchase of a new or used handicap van for sale in Massachusetts. This will allow you to learn how each accessible van works, individually. It will also help you make sure that you do not buy a wheelchair van model that is faulty. With careful planning, you will find great wheelchair vans at Automotive Innovations Bridgewater Massachusetts.


New Hand Controls, Left foot gas pedals and Mobility Driving Equipment for Sale In Massachusetts

Do you want to buy new wheelchair vans with hand controls, left foot gas pedals and or mobility driving equipment in the state of Massachusetts? When you are engaged in your hunt, you will find hand controls, left foot gas pedals and mobility driving equipment are on sale at Automotive Innovations Bridgewater, MA a convenient location in South Eastern Massachusetts between Boston and Cape Cod.

Do carryout a comparison among the different types of hand controls, left foot gas pedals and mobility driving equipment you see in Massachusetts. New Automotive Innovations hand controls, left foot gas pedals and mobility driving equipment appear to be the best quality you can get. An accessible handicap minivan is also a convenient means of transportation you could buy from Automotive Innovations in Massachusetts.

All new accessible hand controls, left foot gas pedals and mobility driving equipment sales at Automotive Innovations are said to be among the best you can purchase. Any new hand controls, left foot gas pedals and mobility driving equipment in Massachusetts will serve your purpose well.



How Do I Know Which Connecticut Hand Controls, Left foot gas pedals and Mobility Driver Equipment are Right for Me?

Automotive Innovations Bridgewater, MA gives you a number of tools that will help you find the perfect accessible hand controls or left foot gas pedals for anyone in the New England area. We need your help to make us the top seller of hand control vans in the New England area, we can provide handcontrol wheelchair van safety information as well as additional information about the condition, mileage and extra features of our products.

All you have to do is think about your ideal hand control van, make a list of features, and look through the Automotive Innovations listings of hand control or left foot gas pedal wheelchair vans in Connecticut for sale to find the one that fits your requirements.

Did you know that technological advancements might now allow you to drive, even if you need to drive from a wheelchair with hand controls? If you are interested in this technology, or any other specialized features, you can contact us about hand control or left foot gas pedal vans in Connecticut on our mobility van sales site and ask what we have to offer.

Automotive Innovations Bridgewater Massachusetts's sells and or services brand new, hand control wheelchair vans, manufactured by the top companies including VMI and Braun, to used hand control custom vans that have been altered to suit your hand control mobility needs, Automotive Innovations will help you find the hand controls or wheelchair van that is right for you, whatever it may be and for sale locally in Connecticut.


Finance Hand Controls, Left foot gas pedals and Mobility Driving Equipment In Connecticut

Automotive Innovations hand control or Left foot gas pedal wheelchair vans in South Eastern Massachusetts are the latest invention to allow the disabled easier and quicker mobility. However, due to the high costs of conversion van hand control or left foot gas pedal and disabled van hand controls or left foot gas pedal, it is not possible for everyone to own one.

Wheelchair hand control equipped vans in Connecticut are otherwise accessible vans that assist physically impaired people to move from one place to the other unaccompanied. If you do not have the cash on hand to pay for one, you can get wheelchair van finance in Connecticut. You have two options- look for organizations that finance handicap vans in Connecticut or search for organizations and foundations that offer grants for the disabled.

Wheelchair vans with hand controls or left foot gas pedals in South Eastern Massachusetts in between Boston, Plymouth and Cape Cod are very convenient for the buying and installation of the handicapped hand control whether it is for your parents, you or any of your loved ones. Though you might not find it an appealing solution, you can approach funding companies, finance traders, banks and private lenders to finance your personal or commercial hand controls in Connecticut.


Purchasing CT Hand Controls, Left foot gas pedals and Mobility Driving Equipment in the New England Area

There are many wheelchair vans in CT on the market today. If you are looking to buy new handicap van hand controls, left foot gas pedals and mobility driving equipment in CT, you will want to carefully make your choice. Automotive Innovations will make it possible for you to make a purchase that you will be proud of and have handicap van hand controls, left foot gas pedals and mobility driving equipment installed in a wheelchair van that meets all of your individual needs.

It is a good idea to carefully shop around when looking for your next handicap minivan in CT. This is because these types of vehicles are especially expensive. You do not want to waste your money on a poor quality wheelchair vans for sale in CT and you do not want to overpay. You can look both online and offline when comparing prices for your new wheelchair vans in Connecticut.

Make sure that you ask a lot of questions before making your purchase of a new or used handicap van for sale in Connecticut. This will allow you to learn how each accessible van works, individually. It will also help you make sure that you do not buy a wheelchair van model that is faulty. With careful planning, you will find great wheelchair vans at Automotive Innovations Bridgewater Massachusetts.


New Hand Controls, Left foot gas pedals and Mobility Driving Equipment for Sale In Connecticut

Do you want to buy new wheelchair vans with hand controls, left foot gas pedals and or mobility driving equipment in the state of Connecticut? When you are engaged in your hunt, you will find hand controls, left foot gas pedals and mobility driving equipment are on sale at Automotive Innovations Bridgewater, MA a convenient location in South Eastern Massachusetts between Boston and Cape Cod.

Do carryout a comparison among the different types of hand controls, left foot gas pedals and mobility driving equipment you see in Connecticut. New Automotive Innovations hand controls, left foot gas pedals and mobility driving equipment appear to be the best quality you can get. An accessible handicap minivan is also a convenient means of transportation you could buy from Automotive Innovations in Massachusetts.

All new accessible hand controls, left foot gas pedals and mobility driving equipment sales at Automotive Innovations are said to be among the best you can purchase. Any new hand controls, left foot gas pedals and mobility driving equipment in Connecticut will serve your purpose well.



How Do I Know Which Rhode Island Hand Controls, Left foot gas pedals and Mobility Driver Equipment are Right for Me?

Automotive Innovations Bridgewater, MA gives you a number of tools that will help you find the perfect accessible hand controls or left foot gas pedals for anyone in the New England area. We need your help to make us the top seller of hand control vans in the New England area, we can provide handcontrol wheelchair van safety information as well as additional information about the condition, mileage and extra features of our products.

All you have to do is think about your ideal hand control van, make a list of features, and look through the Automotive Innovations listings of hand control or left foot gas pedal wheelchair vans in Rhode Island for sale to find the one that fits your requirements.

Did you know that technological advancements might now allow you to drive, even if you need to drive from a wheelchair with hand controls? If you are interested in this technology, or any other specialized features, you can contact us about hand control or left foot gas pedal vans in RI on our mobility van sales site and ask what we have to offer.

Automotive Innovations Bridgewater Massachusetts's sells and or services brand new, hand control wheelchair vans, manufactured by the top companies including VMI and Braun, to used hand control custom vans that have been altered to suit your hand control mobility needs, Automotive Innovations will help you find the hand controls or wheelchair van that is right for you, whatever it may be and for sale locally in Rhode Island.


Finance Hand Controls, Left foot gas pedals and Mobility Driving Equipment In Rhode Island

Automotive Innovations hand control or Left foot gas pedal wheelchair vans in Rhode Island are the latest invention to allow the disabled easier and quicker mobility. However, due to the high costs of conversion van hand control or left foot gas pedal and disabled van hand controls or left foot gas pedal, it is not possible for everyone to own one.

Wheelchair hand control equipped vans in Rhode Island are otherwise accessible vans that assist physically impaired people to move from one place to the other unaccompanied. If you do not have the cash on hand to pay for one, you can get wheelchair van finance in Rhode Island. You have two options- look for organizations that finance handicap vans in Rhode Island or search for organizations and foundations that offer grants for the disabled.

Wheelchair vans with hand controls or left foot gas pedals in South Eastern Massachusetts in between Boston, Plymouth and Cape Cod are very convenient for the buying and installation of the handicapped hand control whether it is for your parents, you or any of your loved ones. Though you might not find it an appealing solution, you can approach funding companies, finance traders, banks and private lenders to finance your personal or commercial hand controls in Rhode Island.


Purchasing Rhode Island Hand Controls, Left foot gas pedals and Mobility Driving Equipment in the New England Area

There are many wheelchair vans in Rhode Island on the market today. If you are looking to buy new handicap van hand controls, left foot gas pedals and mobility driving equipment in Rhode Island, you will want to carefully make your choice. Automotive Innovations will make it possible for you to make a purchase that you will be proud of and have handicap van hand controls, left foot gas pedals and mobility driving equipment installed in a wheelchair van that meets all of your individual needs.

It is a good idea to carefully shop around when looking for your next handicap minivan in Rhode Island. This is because these types of vehicles are especially expensive. You do not want to waste your money on a poor quality wheelchair vans for sale in Rhode Island and you do not want to overpay. You can look both online and offline when comparing prices for your new wheelchair vans in Rhode Island.

Make sure that you ask a lot of questions before making your purchase of a new or used handicap van for sale in Rhode Island. This will allow you to learn how each accessible van works, individually. It will also help you make sure that you do not buy a wheelchair van model that is faulty. With careful planning, you will find great wheelchair vans at Automotive Innovations Bridgewater Massachusetts.


New Hand Controls, Left foot gas pedals and Mobility Driving Equipment for Sale In Rhode Island

Do you want to buy new wheelchair vans with hand controls, left foot gas pedals and or mobility driving equipment in the state of Rhode Island? When you are engaged in your hunt, you will find hand controls, left foot gas pedals and mobility driving equipment are on sale at Automotive Innovations Bridgewater, MA a convenient location in South Eastern Massachusetts between Boston and Cape Cod.

Do carryout a comparison among the different types of hand controls, left foot gas pedals and mobility driving equipment you see in Rhode Island. New Automotive Innovations hand controls, left foot gas pedals and mobility driving equipment appear to be the best quality you can get. An accessible handicap minivan is also a convenient means of transportation you could buy from Automotive Innovations in Rhode Island.

All new accessible hand controls, left foot gas pedals and mobility driving equipment sales at Automotive Innovations are said to be among the best you can purchase. Any new hand controls, left foot gas pedals and mobility driving equipment in Rhode Island will serve your purpose well.



How Do I Know Which Vermont Hand Controls, Left foot gas pedals and Mobility Driver Equipment are Right for Me?

Automotive Innovations Bridgewater, MA gives you a number of tools that will help you find the perfect accessible hand controls or left foot gas pedals for anyone in the New England area. We need your help to make us the top seller of hand control vans in the New England area, we can provide handcontrol wheelchair van safety information as well as additional information about the condition, mileage and extra features of our products.

All you have to do is think about your ideal hand control van, make a list of features, and look through the Automotive Innovations listings of hand control or left foot gas pedal wheelchair vans in Vermont for sale to find the one that fits your requirements.

Did you know that technological advancements might now allow you to drive, even if you need to drive from a wheelchair with hand controls? If you are interested in this technology, or any other specialized features, you can contact us about hand control or left foot gas pedal vans in Vermont on our mobility van sales site and ask what we have to offer.

Automotive Innovations Bridgewater Massachusetts's sells and or services brand new, hand control wheelchair vans, manufactured by the top companies including VMI and Braun, to used hand control custom vans that have been altered to suit your hand control mobility needs, Automotive Innovations will help you find the hand controls or wheelchair van that is right for you, whatever it may be and for sale locally to you in Vermont.


Finance Hand Controls, Left foot gas pedals and Mobility Driving Equipment In Vermont

Automotive Innovations hand control or Left foot gas pedal wheelchair vans in Vermont are the latest invention to allow the disabled easier and quicker mobility. However, due to the high costs of conversion van hand control or left foot gas pedal and disabled van hand controls or left foot gas pedal, it is not possible for everyone to own one.

Wheelchair hand control equipped vans in Vermont are otherwise accessible vans that assist physically impaired people to move from one place to the other unaccompanied. If you do not have the cash on hand to pay for one, you can get wheelchair van finance in Vermont. You have two options- look for organizations that finance handicap vans in Vermont or search for organizations and foundations that offer grants for the disabled.

Wheelchair vans with hand controls or left foot gas pedals in South Eastern Massachusetts in between Boston, Plymouth and Cape Cod are very convenient for the buying and installation of the handicapped hand control whether it is for your parents, you or any of your loved ones. Though you might not find it an appealing solution, you can approach funding companies, finance traders, banks and private lenders to finance your personal or commercial hand controls in Vermont.


Purchasing Vermont Hand Controls, Left foot gas pedals and Mobility Driving Equipment in the New England Area

There are many wheelchair vans in Vermont on the market today. If you are looking to buy new handicap van hand controls, left foot gas pedals and mobility driving equipment in Vermont, you will want to carefully make your choice. Automotive Innovations will make it possible for you to make a purchase that you will be proud of and have handicap van hand controls, left foot gas pedals and mobility driving equipment installed in a wheelchair van that meets all of your individual needs.

It is a good idea to carefully shop around when looking for your next handicap minivan in Vermont. This is because these types of vehicles are especially expensive. You do not want to waste your money on a poor quality wheelchair vans for sale in Vermont and you do not want to overpay. You can look both online and offline when comparing prices for your new wheelchair vans in Vermont.

Make sure that you ask a lot of questions before making your purchase of a new or used handicap van for sale in Vermont. This will allow you to learn how each accessible van works, individually. It will also help you make sure that you do not buy a wheelchair van model that is faulty. With careful planning, you will find great wheelchair vans at Automotive Innovations Bridgewater Massachusetts.


New Hand Controls, Left foot gas pedals and Mobility Driving Equipment for Sale In Vermont

Do you want to buy new wheelchair vans with hand controls, left foot gas pedals and or mobility driving equipment in the state of Vermont? When you are engaged in your hunt, you will find hand controls, left foot gas pedals and mobility driving equipment are on sale at Automotive Innovations Bridgewater, MA a convenient location in South Eastern Massachusetts between Boston and Cape Cod.

Do carryout a comparison among the different types of hand controls, left foot gas pedals and mobility driving equipment you see in Vermont. New Automotive Innovations hand controls, left foot gas pedals and mobility driving equipment appear to be the best quality you can get. An accessible handicap minivan is also a convenient means of transportation you could buy from Automotive Innovations in Massachusetts.

All new accessible hand controls, left foot gas pedals and mobility driving equipment sales at Automotive Innovations are said to be among the best you can purchase. Any new hand controls, left foot gas pedals and mobility driving equipment in Vermont will serve your purpose well.



How Do I Know Which New Hampshire Hand Controls, Left foot gas pedals and Mobility Driver Equipment are Right for Me?

Automotive Innovations Bridgewater, MA gives you a number of tools that will help you find the perfect accessible hand controls or left foot gas pedals for anyone in the New England area. We need your help to make us the top seller of hand control vans in the New England area, we can provide handcontrol wheelchair van safety information as well as additional information about the condition, mileage and extra features of our products.

All you have to do is think about your ideal hand control van, make a list of features, and look through the Automotive Innovations listings of hand control or left foot gas pedal wheelchair vans in New Hampshire for sale to find the one that fits your requirements.

Did you know that technological advancements might now allow you to drive, even if you need to drive from a wheelchair with hand controls? If you are interested in this technology, or any other specialized features, you can contact us about hand control or left foot gas pedal vans in New Hampshire on our mobility van sales site and ask what we have to offer.

Automotive Innovations Bridgewater Massachusetts's sells and or services brand new, hand control wheelchair vans, manufactured by the top companies including VMI and Braun, to used hand control custom vans that have been altered to suit your hand control mobility needs, Automotive Innovations will help you find the hand controls or wheelchair van that is right for you, whatever it may be and for sale locally in New Hampshire.


Finance Hand Controls, Left foot gas pedals and Mobility Driving Equipment In New Hampshire

Automotive Innovations hand control or Left foot gas pedal wheelchair vans in South Eastern Massachusetts are the latest invention to allow the disabled easier and quicker mobility. However, due to the high costs of conversion van hand control or left foot gas pedal and disabled van hand controls or left foot gas pedal, it is not possible for everyone to own one.

Wheelchair hand control equipped vans in New Hampshire are otherwise accessible vans that assist physically impaired people to move from one place to the other unaccompanied. If you do not have the cash on hand to pay for one, you can get wheelchair van finance in New Hampshire. You have two options- look for organizations that finance handicap vans in New Hampshire or search for organizations and foundations that offer grants for the disabled.

Wheelchair vans with hand controls or left foot gas pedals in South Eastern Massachusetts in between Boston, Plymouth and Cape Cod are very convenient for the buying and installation of the handicapped hand control whether it is for your parents, you or any of your loved ones. Though you might not find it an appealing solution, you can approach funding companies, finance traders, banks and private lenders to finance your personal or commercial hand controls in New Hampshire.


Purchasing New Hampshire Hand Controls, Left foot gas pedals and Mobility Driving Equipment in the New England Area

There are many wheelchair vans in New Hampshire on the market today. If you are looking to buy new handicap van hand controls, left foot gas pedals and mobility driving equipment in New Hampshire, you will want to carefully make your choice. Automotive Innovations will make it possible for you to make a purchase that you will be proud of and have handicap van hand controls, left foot gas pedals and mobility driving equipment installed in a wheelchair van that meets all of your individual needs.

It is a good idea to carefully shop around when looking for your next handicap minivan in New Hampshire. This is because these types of vehicles are especially expensive. You do not want to waste your money on a poor quality wheelchair vans for sale in New Hampshire and you do not want to overpay. You can look both online and offline when comparing prices for your new wheelchair vans in New Hampshire.

Make sure that you ask a lot of questions before making your purchase of a new or used handicap van for sale in New Hampshire. This will allow you to learn how each accessible van works, individually. It will also help you make sure that you do not buy a wheelchair van model that is faulty. With careful planning, you will find great wheelchair vans at Automotive Innovations Bridgewater Massachusetts.


New Hand Controls, Left foot gas pedals and Mobility Driving Equipment for Sale In New Hampshire

Do you want to buy new wheelchair vans with hand controls, left foot gas pedals and or mobility driving equipment in the state of New Hampshire? When you are engaged in your hunt, you will find hand controls, left foot gas pedals and mobility driving equipment are on sale at Automotive Innovations Bridgewater, MA a convenient location in South Eastern Massachusetts between Boston and Cape Cod.

Do carryout a comparison among the different types of hand controls, left foot gas pedals and mobility driving equipment you see in New Hampshire. New Automotive Innovations hand controls, left foot gas pedals and mobility driving equipment appear to be the best quality you can get. An accessible handicap minivan is also a convenient means of transportation you could buy from Automotive Innovations in Massachusetts.

All new accessible hand controls, left foot gas pedals and mobility driving equipment sales at Automotive Innovations are said to be among the best you can purchase. Any new hand controls, left foot gas pedals and mobility driving equipment in New Hampshire will serve your purpose well.



How Do I Know Which Maine Hand Controls, Left foot gas pedals and Mobility Driver Equipment are Right for Me?

Automotive Innovations Bridgewater, MA gives you a number of tools that will help you find the perfect accessible hand controls or left foot gas pedals for anyone in the New England area. We need your help to make us the top seller of hand control vans in the New England area, we can provide handcontrol wheelchair van safety information as well as additional information about the condition, mileage and extra features of our products.

All you have to do is think about your ideal hand control van, make a list of features, and look through the Automotive Innovations listings of hand control or left foot gas pedal wheelchair vans in Maine for sale to find the one that fits your requirements.

Did you know that technological advancements might now allow you to drive, even if you need to drive from a wheelchair with hand controls? If you are interested in this technology, or any other specialized features, you can contact us about hand control or left foot gas pedal vans in Maine on our mobility van sales site and ask what we have to offer.

Automotive Innovations Bridgewater Massachusetts's sells and or services brand new, hand control wheelchair vans, manufactured by the top companies including VMI and Braun, to used hand control custom vans that have been altered to suit your hand control mobility needs, Automotive Innovations will help you find the hand controls or wheelchair van that is right for you, whatever it may be and for sale locally in Maine.


Finance Hand Controls, Left foot gas pedals and Mobility Driving Equipment In Maine

Automotive Innovations hand control or Left foot gas pedal wheelchair vans in Maine are the latest invention to allow the disabled easier and quicker mobility. However, due to the high costs of conversion van hand control or left foot gas pedal and disabled van hand controls or left foot gas pedal, it is not possible for everyone to own one.

Wheelchair hand control equipped vans in Maine are otherwise accessible vans that assist physically impaired people to move from one place to the other unaccompanied. If you do not have the cash on hand to pay for one, you can get wheelchair van finance in Maine. You have two options- look for organizations that finance handicap vans in Maine or search for organizations and foundations that offer grants for the disabled.

Wheelchair vans with hand controls or left foot gas pedals in South Eastern Massachusetts in between Boston, Plymouth and Cape Cod are very convenient for the buying and installation of the handicapped hand control whether it is for your parents, you or any of your loved ones. Though you might not find it an appealing solution, you can approach funding companies, finance traders, banks and private lenders to finance your personal or commercial hand controls in Maine.


Purchasing Maine Hand Controls, Left foot gas pedals and Mobility Driving Equipment in the New England Area

There are many wheelchair vans in Maine on the market today. If you are looking to buy new handicap van hand controls, left foot gas pedals and mobility driving equipment in Maine, you will want to carefully make your choice. Automotive Innovations will make it possible for you to make a purchase that you will be proud of and have handicap van hand controls, left foot gas pedals and mobility driving equipment installed in a wheelchair van that meets all of your individual needs.

It is a good idea to carefully shop around when looking for your next handicap minivan in Maine. This is because these types of vehicles are especially expensive. You do not want to waste your money on a poor quality wheelchair vans for sale in Maine and you do not want to overpay. You can look both online and offline when comparing prices for your new wheelchair vans in Maine.

Make sure that you ask a lot of questions before making your purchase of a new or used handicap van for sale in Maine. This will allow you to learn how each accessible van works, individually. It will also help you make sure that you do not buy a wheelchair van model that is faulty. With careful planning, you will find great wheelchair vans at Automotive Innovations Bridgewater Massachusetts.


New Hand Controls, Left foot gas pedals and Mobility Driving Equipment for Sale In Maine

Do you want to buy new wheelchair vans with hand controls, left foot gas pedals and or mobility driving equipment in the state of Maine? When you are engaged in your hunt, you will find hand controls, left foot gas pedals and mobility driving equipment are on sale at Automotive Innovations Bridgewater, MA a convenient location in South Eastern Massachusetts between Boston and Cape Cod.

Do carryout a comparison among the different types of hand controls, left foot gas pedals and mobility driving equipment you see in Maine. New Automotive Innovations hand controls, left foot gas pedals and mobility driving equipment appear to be the best quality you can get. An accessible handicap minivan is also a convenient means of transportation you could buy from Automotive Innovations in Maine.

All new accessible hand controls, left foot gas pedals and mobility driving equipment sales at Automotive Innovations are said to be among the best you can purchase. Any new hand controls, left foot gas pedals and mobility driving equipment in Maine will serve your purpose well.


Tetraplegia


Not to be confused with Spastic quadriplegia.

Tetraplegia

Classification and external resources

ICD-10G82.5

ICD-9344.0

MeSHD011782

Tetraplegia, also known as quadriplegia, is paralysis caused by illness or injury to a human that results in the partial or total loss of use of all their limbs and torso; paraplegia is similar but does not affect the arms. The loss is usually sensory and motor, which means that both sensation and control are lost.[citation needed]


Contents 

1 Causes

2 Terminology

3 Classification

3.1 Complete spinal-cord lesions

3.2 Incomplete spinal-cord lesions

4 Symptoms, signs and complications

5 Frequency

6 Upper limb paralysis

7 Prognosis

8 Related conditions

9 See also

10 References

11 External links

Causes


It is caused by damage to the brain or the spinal cord at a high level C1–C7—in particular, spinal cord injuries secondary to an injury to the cervical spine. The injury, which is known as a lesion, causes victims to lose partial or total function of all four limbs, meaning the arms and the legs. Tetraplegia is defined in many ways; C1–C4 usually affects arm movement more so than a C5–C7 injury; however, all quadriplegics have or have had some kind of finger dysfunction. So, it is not uncommon to have a quadriplegic with fully functional arms and only have their fingers that don't work.


Typical causes of this damage are trauma (such as car crash, fall or sports injury), disease (such as transverse myelitis or polio) or congenital disorders, such as muscular dystrophy or multiple sclerosis.


It is possible to suffer a broken neck without becoming quadriplegic, such as when the vertebrae are fractured or dislocated but the spinal cord is not damaged. Conversely, it is possible to injure the spinal cord without breaking the spine, such as when a ruptured disc or bony spur on the vertebra protrudes into the spinal column.


Terminology


The condition is termed tetraplegia. Both terms mean "paralysis of four limbs"; tetraplegia is more commonly used in Europe than in the US. In 1991, when the American Spinal Cord Injury Classification system was revised, it was recommended that the term tetraplegia be used to improve consistency ("tetra", like "plegia", has a Greek root, whereas "quadra" has a Latin root).


Classification


Spinal cord injuries are classified as complete and incomplete by the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) classification. The ASIA scale grades patients based on their functional impairment as a result of the injury, grading a patient from A to D. (see table 1 for criteria) This has considerable consequences for surgical planning and therapy.


Table 1: ASIA impairment scale


ACompleteno motor or sensory function is preserved in the sacral segments S4-S5.

BIncompletesensory but not motor function is preserved below the neurological level and includes the sacral segments S4-S5.

CIncompleteIncomplete: motor function is preserved below the neurological level, and more than half of key muscles below the neurological level have a muscle grade less than 3.

DIncompleteIncomplete: motor function is preserved below the neurological level, and at least half of key muscles below the neurological level have a muscle grade of 3 or more.

ENormalmotor and sensory function are normal.

[edit]Complete spinal-cord lesions

Pathophysiologically, the spinal cord of the tetraplegic patient can be divided into three segments which can be useful for classifying the injury.


First there is an injured functional medullary segment. This segment has unparalysed, functional muscles; the action of these muscles is voluntary, not permanent and strength can be evaluated by the British Medical Research Council (BMRC) scale. This scale is used when upper limb surgery is planned, as referred to in the 'International Classification for hand surgery in tetraplegic patients' (see table 2).[3]


A lesional segment (or an injured metamere) consists of denervated corresponding muscles. The lower motor neuron (LMN) of these muscles is damaged. These muscles are hypotonic, atrophic and have no spontaneous contraction. The existence of joint contractures should be monitored.


Below the level of the injured metamere there is an injured sublesional segment with intact lower motor neuron. Which means that medullary reflexes are present, but the upper cortical control is lost. These muscles show some increase in tone when elongated and sometimes spasticity, the trophicity is good.


Incomplete spinal-cord lesions

Incomplete spinal cord injuries result in varied post injury presentations. There are three main syndromes described, depending on the exact site and extent of the lesion.


The central cord syndrome: most of the cord lesion is in the gray matter of the spinal cord, sometimes the lesion continues in the white matter.

The Brown-Sequard syndrome: hemi section of the spinal cord.

The anterior cord syndrome: a lesion of the anterior horns and the anterolateral tracts, with a possible division of the anterior spinal artery.

For most patients with ASIA A (complete) tetraplegia, ASIA B (incomplete) tetraplegia and ASIA C (incomplete) tetraplegia, the International Classification level of the patient can be established without great difficulty. The surgical procedures according to the International Classification level can be performed. In contrast, for patients with ASIA D (incomplete) tetraplegia it is difficult to assign an International Classification other than International Classification level X (others). Therefore it is more difficult to decide which surgical procedures should be performed. A far more personalized approach is needed for these patients. Decisions must be based more on experience than on texts or journals.


The results of tendon transfers for patients with complete injuries are predictable. On the other hand, it is well known that muscles lacking normal excitation perform unreliably after surgical tendon transfers. Despite the unpredictable aspect in incomplete lesions tendon transfers may be useful. The surgeon should be confident that the muscle to be transferred has enough power and is under good voluntary control. Pre-operative assessment is more difficult to assess in incomplete lesions. Patients with an incomplete lesion also often need therapy or surgery before the procedure to restore function to correct the consequences of the injury. These consequences are hypertonicity/spasticity, contractures, painful hyperesthesias and paralyzed proximal upper limb muscles with distal muscle sparing. Spasticity is a frequent consequence of incomplete injuries. Spasticity often decreases function, but sometimes a patient can control the spasticity in a way that it is useful to their function. The location and the effect of the spasticity should be analyzed carefully before treatment is planned. An injection of Botulinum toxin (Botox) into spastic muscles is a treatment to reduce spasticity. This can be used to prevent muscle shorting and early contractures.


Over the last ten years an increase in traumatic incomplete lesions is seen, due to the better protection in traffic.


Symptoms, signs and complications


Although the most obvious symptom is impairment to the limbs, functioning is also impaired in the torso. This can mean a loss or impairment in controlling bowel and bladder, sexual function, digestion, breathing and other autonomic functions. Furthermore, sensation is usually impaired in affected areas. This can manifest as numbness, reduced sensation or burning neuropathic pain.[citation needed]


Secondarily, because of their depressed functioning and immobility, quadriplegics are often more vulnerable to pressure sores, osteoporosis and fractures, frozen joints, spasticity, respiratory complications and infections, autonomic dysreflexia,

deep vein thrombosis, and cardiovascular disease.


Severity depends on both the level at which the spinal cord is injured and the extent of the injury.


An individual with an injury at C1 (the highest cervical vertebra, at the base of the skull), will probably lose function from the neck down and be ventilator-dependent. An individual with a C7 injury may lose function from the chest down but still retain use of the arms and much of the hands.


The extent of the injury is also important. A complete severing of the spinal cord will result in complete loss of function from that vertebra down. A partial severing or even bruising of the spinal cord results in varying degrees of mixed function and paralysis. A common misconception with Tetraplegia is that the victim cannot move legs, arms or any of the major function; this is often not the case. Some quadriplegic individuals can walk and use their hands, as though they did not have a spinal cord injury, while others may use wheelchairs and they can still have function of their arms and mild finger movement, again, that varies on the spinal cord damage.


It is common to have movement in limbs, such as the ability to move the arms but not the hands or to be able to use the fingers but not to the same extent, as before the injury. Furthermore, the deficit in the limbs may not be the same on both sides of the body; either left or right side may be more affected, depending on the location of the lesion on the spinal cord.


Frequency


There are about 5,000 cervical spinal cord injuries per year in the United States (~1 in 60,000—assuming a population of 300 million), and about 1,000 per year in the UK (also ~1 in 60,000—assuming a population of 60 million). In 1988, it was estimated that lifetime care of a 27-year-old rendered tetraplegic was about US $1 million and that the total national costs were US $5.6 billion per year.[citation It currently costs between $520,000 to $550,000 per year to care for a ventilator dependent quadriplegic.


Upper limb paralysis


Upperlimb paralysis refers to the loss of function of the elbow and hand. When upper limb function is absent as a result of a spinal cord injury it is a major barrier to regain autonomy. There are possibilities for tetraplegic hand and elbow surgery which allow restoration of upper limb function. At the 2007 world congress in reconstructive hand surgery and rehabilitation in tetraplegia a resolution was presented and accepted that indicates that every person with tetraplegia should be examined and informed concerning the options for reconstructive surgery of the tetraplegic arms and hands. With this resolution it becomes clear that it is necessary to increase the awareness on this subject.[8] These surgical procedures are further discussed in Tetraplegic Upper Limb Surgery.


Prognosis


Delayed diagnosis of cervical spine injury has grave consequences for the victim. About one in 20 cervical fractures are missed and about two-thirds of these patients have further spinal-cord damage as a result. About 30% of cases of delayed diagnosis of cervical spine injury develop permanent neurological deficits. In high-level cervical injuries, total paralysis from the neck can result. High-level quadriplegics (C4 and higher) will likely need constant care and assistance in activities of daily living, such as getting dressed, eating and bowel and bladder care. Low-level quadriplegics (C5 to C7) can often live independently.[citation needed]


Even with "complete" injuries, in some rare cases, through intensive rehabilitation, slight movement can be regained through "rewiring" neural connections, as in the case of the late actor Christopher Reeve.[9]


In the case of cerebral palsy, which is caused by damage to the motor cortex either before, during (10%) or after birth and some quadriplegics are gradually able to learn to stand or walk through physical therapy.


Related conditions


Brown-Sequard Syndrome

Hemiplegia

Locked-in syndrome

Paraplegia


Clearing the cervical spine

List of people with quadriplegia

Monkey helper

Tetraplegic upper limb surgery